Correct diet for pancreatitis

Diet for pancreatic pancreatitis is aimed at removing the inflammatory process from the pancreas. This requires a reduction in the amount or complete elimination from the diet of foods that promote the active work of the pancreas and the release of enzymes by it.

Basic Rules

The disease has two forms: acute and chronic. The nutrition for each stage (form) is slightly different. It all starts with the most strict diet for pancreatitis, which will be gentle on the stomach and pancreas. As you recover, your diet becomes more varied.

After the end of an acute exacerbation, the menu is built on the basis of table number 1 (from about 5 to 14 days). And during the period of remission, diet No. 5 is prescribed for pancreatitis.

Regardless of the form of the disease, there are mandatory rules that must be followed:

  1. Food fractional - 5-6 times a day. The break between meals should not exceed 3 hours so that you do not feel hungry.
  2. You need to eat strictly at the same time.
  3. Last meal no later and no earlier than 2-3 hours before bedtime.
  4. You need to eat in small portions. Overeating should not be allowed.
  5. Food temperature should be in the range of 20-50 degrees, i. e. neither cold nor hot.
  6. Method of preparation: boiling, baking (with or without foil), preferably steaming dishes.
  7. Food is prepared without the use of spices and seasonings.
  8. Frying food is prohibited. The amount of fat is reduced. During the period of exacerbation, they are completely excluded, during the period of prolonged remission, a maximum of 80 g of fat is allowed, mainly from animals.
  9. Protein food is preferred, the amount of carbohydrates during remission should not exceed 350 g.
  10. The duration of the diet during an exacerbation is 3-5 weeks, after which the diet is expanded. Compliance with a diet during the period of remission - about 8 months (nutrition is more extensive than during an exacerbation, and less strict).
  11. There are a number of foods that will have to be completely discarded, such as alcohol, fast food, etc.
  12. prohibited foods for pancreatitis

    Diet in the first 5 days of exacerbation

    In case of exacerbation of the disease, the patient in a hospital withstands a hunger strike for 2 days. Complete fasting helps to stop the pancreas and the production of hydrochloric acid in the stomach. During this time, there is a partial restoration of the pancreas.

    In the first 2 days of an exacerbation, you need to drink 1. 5-2 liters of water, 200 ml at a time. Alkaline non-carbonated mineral water is preferable, for example, Borjomi or Essentuki. Also drink 0. 5 liters of rosehip broth or green tea.

    During fasting, meals are given intravenously. On the 3rd day, stomach and mucous products are gradually introduced:

    • up to 50 g per day of dried white bread or crackers;
    • rice or oat broths;
    • you can include liquid cereals: rice or oat;
    • compotes, jelly or fruit drinks.

    As the exacerbation decreases, the diet gradually expands from 4-5 days. Porridge (rice, oatmeal, buckwheat, semolina), jelly, vegetable purees, protein, biscuit biscuits are added.

    In the first 5 days, fat is completely eliminated from the diet.

    fat-free foods are indicated for pancreatitis

    Products

    3-5 weeks after an exacerbation, diet No. 5 is prescribed for pancreatitis. But the transition to a new diet is carried out gradually. Particular attention is paid to the amount of fat consumed. On day 6, you can include them in small quantities up to 10 g per day. After 10-12 days, this amount increases to 20 g per day. The maximum daily dose, in the period of long remission, is 80 g per day. Below is a list of permitted and prohibited foods.

    Bread, flour products

    For pancreatitis, you can only eat high quality white bread. But before using it, you need to dry it, or eat yesterday's one. White bread or loaf crackers are also allowed (but not spiced crackers). Fresh bread, baked goods and black / gray bread are excluded from the menu.

    Choose dry biscuits, preferably biscuits. All other options are prohibited, especially those that are high in fat.

    A variety of pasta is allowed. It is advisable to cook them in the form of liquid soups or casseroles. If just boiled pasta is made, then they should be served without anything, only a little oil is allowed.

    Cereals and legumes

    Porridges occupy about one of the main places in the diet for pancreatitis. They are the main source of carbohydrates and make up 1/3 of the total diet.

    Cereals such as semolina, oatmeal, rice and buckwheat are allowed. But millet, corn and barley are prohibited.

    In case of pancreatitis, any legumes (peas, beans, etc. ) are prohibited.They not only badly affect the diseased pancreas, but also cause constipation and other intestinal problems.

    buckwheat is allowed for pancreatitis

    Soups

    They can be made from cereals or vegetables. Best liquid or pureed with minced meat, meatballs or fish.

    Rich meat and fish broths are prohibited. And also borscht, okroshka and hodgepodge.

    Meat products, fish and eggs

    For pancreatitis, only dietary meat and lean fish are allowed. Meat is mainly chicken and rabbit. In small quantities and infrequently, you can eat veal or beef.

    Lean dietary varieties of fish should be preferred, these are:

    • hack;
    • flounder;
    • cod;
    • pike perch;
    • pike, etc.

    Lamb and pork are categorically contraindicated. And also fatty fish.

    Eggs can be consumed in small quantities (1-2 per day). In the first weeks of the diet, it is best to use only protein. You can either boil eggs soft-boiled or steam omelets. Scrambled eggs and hard-boiled eggs are prohibited.

    Dairy products

    Dairy products are introduced gradually from the second week of the diet (after exacerbation). Milk, low-fat cottage cheese, kefir and yogurt are shown for use. The maximum permissible fat percentage is 2. 5%.

    dairy products are introduced gradually from the second week of the diet

    Vegetables, fruits, berries

    Vegetables should include potatoes, beets, carrots, courgettes, pumpkin and cauliflower. They can be boiled and served as mashed potatoes, casseroles, salads. During prolonged remission, cucumbers and greens are allowed in small quantities.

    Forbidden vegetables: celery, cabbage, tomatoes, radish, radish. In addition, you cannot eat any vegetables raw.

    Fruit is allowed to be eaten as mashed or baked. You can cook fruit drinks, jelly and compotes from them. From fruits, you can eat apples, pears, mangoes and others. But first you need to remove the hard peel. Small amounts of sweet tangerines and pineapples can be eaten.

    Forbidden: bananas, figs, kiwi. You cannot eat raspberries, strawberries, grapes and cranberries from berries.

    Sweets

    At the end of the first week, you can consume, in small amounts, honey and jelly. Marshmallows, marshmallows, marmalade are gradually allowed. Cakes, pastries, sweets, ice cream and chocolate, sugar are prohibited.

    honey can be consumed at the end of the first week of the diet

    Drinks

    Non-carbonated mineral water and rosehip decoctions are recommended for use. You can also use weak green tea, dried fruit compotes, fruit drinks.

    Any carbonated drinks and commercial teas and juices are prohibited. Drinks containing caffeine are also prohibited: coffee, coffee cocktails, cocoa.

    Sauces and condiments

    Of all the condiments, you can use a small amount (up to 10 g per day) and a little soy sauce (in the period of prolonged remission). All hot and sour sauces, vinegar, mayonnaise, ketchup, etc. are prohibited.

    What to completely abandon

    In addition to all indications, there are food categories that need to be permanently eliminated from your diet:

    • fried;
    • bold;
    • smoked products (including all types of sausages);
    • pickles;
    • canned foods;
    • soda;
    • alcohol.

    Quitting smoking is very important in the treatment of pancreatitis.

    fatty fried foods are prohibited for pancreatitis

    Sample menu for a week

    It can be very difficult to get used to a new diet, and especially to such as with pancreatitis. To make the transition from a habitual way of eating to a diet less traumatic, and you know what you can cook, below is a sample menu for a week.

    Monday

    Breakfast:rice porridge, unsweetened green tea.

    Snack:cottage cheese with 1 spoonful of sour cream (or without it).

    Lunch:baked zucchini, buckwheat soup with fish pieces.

    Afternoon snack:baked apple.

    Dinner:fish pudding.

    Second supper:jelly.

    Tuesday

    Breakfast:oatmeal.

    Snack:Applesauce.

    Lunch:buckwheat porridge with milk, chicken steamed cutlets.

    Snack:some biscuits and dried fruit compote.

    Dinner:mashed potatoes.

    Second supper:berry jelly.

    Wednesday

    Breakfast:milk rice porridge.

    Snack:2-protein steam omelet.

    Lunch:fish soup (not broth), chopped baked rabbit meat.

    Afternoon snack:jelly.

    Dinner: buckwheat porridge with milk, chicken meatballs.

    Second supper:a glass of kefir.

    Thursday

    Breakfast:oatmeal.

    Snack:jelly.

    Lunch:vegetable puree soup, boiled grated chicken breast.

    Afternoon snack:baked apple.

    Dinner:carrot pudding.

    Second supper:fat-free cottage cheese.

    carrot pudding is included in the menu for panreatitis

    Friday

    Breakfast:semolina porridge with milk.

    Snack:cottage cheese casserole.

    Lunch:pumpkin puree and baked rabbit / chicken fillet.

    Afternoon snack:a glass of kefir.

    Dinner:pumpkin puree.

    Second supper:jelly.

    Saturday

    Breakfast:buckwheat porridge.

    Snack:cottage cheese casserole.

    Lunch:rice soup, cauliflower casserole, steamed fish.

    Afternoon snack:jelly.

    Dinner:potato casserole.

    Second Dinner:some biscuits and green tea.

    Sunday

    Breakfast:cottage cheese casserole.

    Snack:baked apple.

    Lunch:vegetable puree soup, chicken meatballs.

    Snack:cookies and fruit drinks.

    Dinner:Cauliflower casserole.

    Second supper:a glass of kefir or milk.

    The diet for pancreatitis is quite strict, even in remission. But observing it will speed up the healing process.

    It is important to remember that you need to eat often and little by little. All food should be boiled, steamed, or baked. And be sure to give up soda, alcohol and other harmful products.